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Green Bubbles RISE for sustainable diving 


Green Bubbles was the first EU-funded project dedicated to sustainable SCUBA diving. We tend to think of sustainability as an environmental concept, only. However, a business that is not economically sustainable may hardly be able to invest in correct environmental practices even when willing to. And, in a crisis period, frictions and competition may turn into conficts that are socially unsustainable. In short, the three components of sustainability are all interlinked.
The central objective of Green Bubbles was to maximise the benefits associated with diving while minimising its negative impacts, thus achieving the environmental, economic and social sustainability of the system. Green Bubbles was launched in January 2015 and lasted until December 2018.


Cerrano C, Milanese M, Ponti M 2016. Diving for science - science for diving: volunteer scuba divers support science and conservation in the Mediterranean Sea. Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 27(2):303-323


Lucrezi S, Milanese M, Markantonatou V, Cerrano C, Sarà A, Palma M, Saayman M 2017. Scuba diving tourism system and sustainability: Perceptions by the scuba diving industry in two Marine Protected Areas. Tourism Management 59:385-403


Lucrezi S, Milanese M, Palma M, Cerrano C 2018. Stirring the strategic direction of scuba diving marine Citizen Science: A survey of active and potential participants. PloS one 13(8):e0202484


Lucrezi S, Milanese M, Sarà A, Palma M, Saayman M, Cerrano C 2018. Profiling scuba divers to assess their potential for the management of temperate marine protected areas: A conceptual model. Tourism in Marine Environments 13(2-3):85-108


Lucrezi S, Milanese M, Danovaro R, Cerrano C 2018. “Generation Nemo”: motivations, satisfaction and career goals of marine biology students. Journal of Biological Education 52(4):391-405


Lucrezi S, Milanese M, Cerrano C, Palma M 2019. The influence of scuba diving experience on divers' perceptions, and its implications for managing diving destinations. Plos one 14(7):e0219306


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